Electromagnetic Waves
Project
Sparameters
Overview
Work in assigned project groups.
The objective of this project is to simulate and measure sparameters.
NOTE: Use the Project Report Template
IN NO CASE may code or files be exchanged between students, and
each student must answer the questions themselves and do their own
plots, NO COPYING of any sort! Nevertheless, students are
encouraged to collaborate in the lab session.
Part 1: Simulation
 Sparameter simulations
 Download the 7zap
archive as follows:
 Download the 7zap archive RFcourse2015_proj2_wrk.7zap
to your ads directory
 Use MenuBar::File::Unarchive to extract the project into
your ADS directory as follows
Fig. 001
 You should find a new directory RFcourse2015_proj2_wrk
created in apps/ads
 Run ADS and open the new RFcourse2015_proj2_wrk workbook
by doubleclicking it
 We will be making Sparameter measurements that correspond to a situation similar to our project 2 simulation.
 Open the p2sparamLine schematic in the workbook by clicking
that schematic design file.
Fig. 002

 Run the simulation, and you should Sparameters and Smith
chart somewhat different from that illustrated below:
Fig. 003
Fig. 004
 Rightclick and select "copy cell" to make a copy of this design
 Edit the new copy so that it reflects the scenario in the
lab.
 Change the transmission line to a TLIND component as shown above (blue arrow above),
 MenuBar::View::ComponentPaletts,
 then ComponentPallette::TlinesIdeal::TLIND (blue circle above)
 set TLIND 50 ohms impedance and delay=8 ns (blue arrow above),
 set source Term1 to 50 ohms,
 and load Term2 to 50 ohms,
and add a 50ohm resistor in parallel to term2 to ground (magenta circle above).
 Change
the Sparameter sweep to go from 1 to 50 MHz in 1 MHz steps.
(yellow arrow above)
 Save a snapshot of your new schematic and paste it into your
report.
 Run the simulation, and plot the Smith chart of S11 (somewhat
different from that illustrated below):
Fig. 005
 Set two markers as above (one at 1 MHz and the other at
where it crosses the axis on the right side (magenta arrow above)
 What is the frequency where it crosses the axis on the right side?
 What are the two unnormalized impedances (assume closest
pure resistance) at the markers, and what is the transformer
ratio (ratio of the 2 impedances)?
Report Data
 ============================
WARNING !! ====================================
 **** WARNING **** YOU MUST USE
THE PROJECT REPORT TEMPLATE Below:
 See the Project
Report Template at bottom of this page
 A wellwritten report/paper is
EXPECTED
 STRONGLY RECOMMEND that you read IEEE
authorship series: How to Write for Technical Periodicals
& Conferences
 Clearly describe everything, including:
 variables in block diagrams
 variables in formulas
 units of variables kHz, pF, nH, m, s,
 all traces on plots
 all curves on plots
 all results in any tables
 Minimum required data content for
your report and demos
 Required theory/formulas numbered as below:
 (1) Reflection coefficient formula at port 1 at 1 MHz for 50ohm source, 50ohm line, and 25 ohm load
 (2) S11 formula at 1 MHz for 50ohm source, 50ohm line, and 25 ohm load
 (3) Theoretical S21 at 1 MHz for 50ohm source, 50ohm line, and
25 ohm load. Hint: you must compute the power delivered to term2
delivered from the source (power into the 50ohm resistor in parallel is not plotted as part of S21, only the power delivered to term 2 is plotted). half of the power is delivered to each resistor since they have the same voltage and same resistance.
 Required figures:
 Any illegible plots receive zero credit (must be able to read all numbers, axes, labels, curves, grids, titles, legends)
 All plots must of professional quality as in IEEE papers
 LEGIBLE ADS schematic of the system (as in Fig. 004), with appropriate caption.
 LEGIBLE Smithchart plot of simulated S11
 LEGIBLE dB plot of simulated S21 and S11 on a dB scale from 0 to 10 dB
 Required tabular data content:
 Table of sparameters at 1 MHz (assume approximately dc) with 3 columns: parameter, theoretical value, simulated value
 Row 1: theoretical and simulated S11
 Row 2: theoretical and simulated S21
 Row 3: theoretical and simulated S12
 Row 4: theoretical and simulated S22
 Table with 2 columns, parameter, theoretical value, and simulated value
 Row 1: frequency at which S11 crosses right side of Smith chart as in Fig. 005 above
 Row 2: unnormalized impedance (ohms) at the frequency at which S11 crosses right side of Smith chart as in Fig. 005 above
 See report template below
NOTE ReportTemplate: Use the Project Report Template
YOU MUST ADD CAPTIONS AND FIGURE
NUMBERS TO ALL FIGURES!!
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